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Shri Akal Takht Sahib

Shri Akal Takht Sahib

Akal Takht (seat of Almighty) is one of the five Takhts situated in Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, Punjab India. It was founded and built by the Sixth Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji in 1609.

Guru Hargobind Sahilb were used to hold his court by wearing two swords of Miri and Piri at this place to listen and resolve the temporal petitions and spiritual issues of needy people. The one sword (Miri) indicates his temporal authority and the other sword (Piri) indicated his spiritual authority. Guru Ji encouraged people to maintain physical fitness to be ready for any combat with Mughal warriors as well as to be a saint.

Since then Akal Takht is the highest temporal seat of Sikhs. Akal Takht Sahib have some rare weapons pertaining to the Sikh Gurus and Sikh warriors which are displayed during the day in Golden Palanquin and explained to the visitors every evening.

Shri Kesgarh Sahib

Shri Kesgarh Sahib

Keshgarh Sahib is one of the five Takhts situated in Anandpur Sahib, Punjab India. The original name of Anandpur Sahib was Chakk Nananki which was founded by the ninth Guru Teg Bahadur ji in 1665. Later Guru Gobind Singh ji gave Chakk Nananki new name Anandpur (City of bliss). Guru Gobind Singh Ji spent 25 years in Anadpur sahib, expanded the city and constructed five forts.

Keshgarh Sahib was built in 1699. The Pahadi Rajas (Mountain kinds) attacked Anandpur Sahib several times between 1700 and 1705, but were never able to reach Kesgarh Sahib because before reaching the gates of Kesgarh the armies were not able to capture the before standing forts at Taragarh, Agamgarh, Fatehgarh and Anandgarh.

This is the place where Guru Gobind Singhji laid the foundation of Khalsa on 13th April 1969. Guru Gobing Singh Ji asked for 5 heads (voluntarily sacrifying life) one by one from the public gathering. Five people namely Daya Ram, Dharam Das,Himmat Rai, Mohkam Chand, and Sahib Chand willingly volunteered to sacrifice their lives for their Guru. Guru Gobind Singhji given them the title of Panj Pyare (the five loved ones). Guruji then recited a line 'Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh' (Khalsa belongs to God; victory belongs to God). He gave them all the name "Singh" (lion), and designated them collectively as the Khalsa, the body of baptized Sikhs.

Kesgarh Sahib is the home of many historical relics (Pictures in Photo Gallery) which belonged to Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. These include the actual Khanda (double edged sword) that the Guru used to prepare amrit on the revelation of Khalsa Day, a Kataar, Guru Gobind Singh's personal dagger (which he always carried), a saif (a double edged weapon presented to the Guru by Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah) and a beautiful gun that was presented to Guru Sahib by one of his Sikhs from Lahore

Sikhs celebrates “Khalsa Saajna Divas” in April every year at Anandpur Sahib.

Shri Damdama Sahib

Shri Damdama Sahib

Damdama Sahib (means breathing place) is one of the five Takhts (Seat of Temporal Authority of Sikhs). Damdama Sahib is situated in in Talwandi Sabo, district Bathinda, Punjab,India. The other four Takhts are the Shri Akal Takht Sahib, Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib, Takht Sri Patna Sahib and Takht Sri Hazoor Sahib.

The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb guaranteed safe passage to the Punjab for the Sikhs who had abandoned the city of Anandpur. Guru Gobind Singh fought a successful battle at Muktsar and then moved towards Talwandi Sabo and Gurus Ji stayed here for seven months.

At Damdama Sahib Guru Gobind Singh Ji dictated the shabad and shalok to Bhai Mani Singh Ji to prepare the full version of the Sikhs scriptures called Sri Guru Granth Sahib in 1705.

Before leaving Damdama Sahib Gurus Ji visited Sikh Sangats in the Deccan, Guru Ji blessed Talwandi Sabo, as Guru Ki Kashi. Now known better as Damdama Sahib after the Gurdwara became one of the four temporal Takhts of the Sikh religion. Another great Shaheed (Martyr) of Sikhi, Baba Deep Singh Ji was appointed as the first Jathedar (head) of this temporal seat. He penned additional copies of the Adi Shri Granth Sahib Ji and sent them to the other four temporal seats

This Takht was officially recognized as the fourth Takht of Sikhism on 18 November 1966. On a demand from the Sikhs, a sub-committee was appointed by the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee, Amritsar. A report of the sub-committee containing 183 pages was received to declare Damdama Sahib or Guru Ki Kashi as the fifth Takht of the Sikhs. A general body meeting of the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee at Amritsar approved the recommendations on 18 November 1966. It was declared as the fifth Sikh Takht by the government of India in April 1999 during tricentennial celebrations of the formation of the Khalsa.

Shri Patna Sahib

Shri Patna Sahib

Shri Hazoor Sahib

Shri Hazoor Sahib

Hazoor Sahib, also known as Takht Sachkhand Abchalnagar Sahib and Abchal Nagar, is one of the five takhts in Sikhism. It is located on the banks of the River Godavari at the city of Nanded in the state of Maharashtra, Western India. The gurdwara within the complex is known as Sach-Khand.

The structure is built at the place of death of Guru Gobind Singh. The inner room of the gurdwara is called the  Angitha Sahib and is built over the place where Guru Gobind Singh was cremated in 1708. The gurdwara was built between 1832 and 1837 by order of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780–1839).

Takht Hazur Sahib marks the site where Guru Gobind Singh had his camp in 1708. The Guru held his court and congregation here and was convalescing after being attacked by two would-be assassins. One of the attackers stabbed the Guru, and was killed by the Guru with a single stroke of his talwar (curved sword). The other was killed by his followers as he tried to escape. The Guru's wound was deep, but initially healed after being stitched by a European surgeon. However the wound re-opened a few days later when the Guru was stringing a bow for one of his Sikhs and the Guru died after declaring the Guru Granth Sahib as his successor.

The Sikhs built a room over the platform where Guru Gobind Singh would sit while holding his court and installed the Guru Granth Sahib on it and they called it Takht Sahib. In October 2008, the 300th anniversary celebration of the Guruship of Guru Granth Sahib took place here. This site is now one of five Takhts which are places of primary importance to the Sikhs.

Sachkhand word had been used by Guru Nanak Dev to mean the abode of God. Maharaja Ranjit Singh Sher-e-Panjab had the present building of the Takhat Sahib constructed with money, artisans and labor sent from the Punjab during the early 1830s.

Hindus also have a high regard for the Guru Gobind Singh Ji and gurdwara. The control of Takht Sachkhand Shri Hazoor Sahib, which had formerly passed into the hands of Udasi Sikh priests was regained by the Sikhs under the influence of the Singh Sabha Movement.

The Takht houses both the Shri Guru Granth Sahib and the Shri Dasam Granth. This follows the pattern of Takht Shri Patna Sahib. Nanded being the holy city where Baba Banda Singh Bahadur had his ashram and Baba Banda Singh started his journey of Khalsa.